Periodontics is a dental specialty which includes the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth.
Periodontal diseases are bacterial infections of the gums, bone and periodontal ligament (fibers that support the teeth and hold them in the jaw). They destroy the gums and supporting bone that hold your teeth in your mouth. As a result, teeth may loosen and fall out or need to be removed.
Causes of periodontal disease
The primary cause of periodontal diseases is bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless coating that forms on the teeth. If left untreated – generally as a result of poor oral hygiene habits – the bacteria in plaque infect the gums, release toxins that redden and inflame the tissue, and gradually destroy the tissues supporting the teeth and underlying bone.
When this happens, the gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets that fill with more plaque and cause additional infection. Other factors that can affect the health of your gums include:
- decayed teeth
- broken or badly fitting partial dentures
- crowded/crooked teeth
- oral piercings, smoking, drug/alcohol abuse
- diabetes, leukaemia, HIV
- hormonal factors and genetic influences
Symptoms of gum disease
You may have gum disease and not even know it. Often, there is no pain and periodontal diseases may not exhibit symptoms until serious bone loss has taken place. However, it is important to see your dentist at the first sign of these common symptoms of periodontal disease:
- red, swollen or tender gums
- gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing
- gums that pull away from teeth
- loose or separating teeth
- pus between gums and teeth
- persistent bad breath
Periodontal diseases are chronic diseases. Without vigilant, meticulous and ongoing treatment, periodontal diseases can and often do recur. Once your periodontal health has been evaluated, we will work with you to customize the best treatment plan to control your periodontal disease.
Treatment can vary depending on how far the periodontal disease has progressed. If diagnosed and treated in its early stages, simple non-surgical periodontal therapy may be enough.
If periodontitis has progressed to the extent where you have deep periodontal pockets and considerable bone loss, surgical therapy may be required.
In our clinic our specialists use the LASER as a painless, non- surgical and well-healing procedure.
Lasers represent an innovative and more precise technology for specific hard and soft tissue applications, especially in periodontal treatment